The procedure for removing the uterus through a woman’s abdomen is known as abdominal hysterectomy. Depending on her medical condition, the doctor may also require the removal of other reproductive organs such as the ovaries, cervix, and the fallopian tubes during this surgery.
A woman stops menstruating after undergoing this procedure. This, in turn, makes her unable to bear children. The surgery won’t affect her sexual life and she can even do without contraceptives. It’s not true that the woman looks more aged after the surgery or that the surgery leaves the abdomen empty, as the bowels take the place of the removed organs.
Although hysterectomy is capable of treating a lot of conditions, there are some conditions that may be completely treated only by incorporating other forms of treatment.
Abdominal Hysterectomy Techniques
An abdominal hysterectomy may be performed through any of the following methods: total, total with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and subtotal.
If only the uterus needs to be removed and the cervix can be retained then a subtotal hysterectomy is performed. This procedure results in shorter hospital stays because the patient gets to recover more quickly, given the faster completion of the surgery. There is also reduced risk of blood loss, fever, vaginal prolapse, and organ damage. The patient may still experience spotting due to the remaining endometrial tissue in the endometrial canal, and the risk of cancer remains due to the retained cervix.
If the cervix must be removed along with the uterus then a total abdominal hysterectomy is performed. The procedure becomes known as a total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy when the fallopian tubes and the ovaries are also removed.
Medical Conditions that Require Abdominal Hysterectomy
Abdominal hysterectomy may be required for the treatment of the following conditions:
* Cancer of the uterus or the cervix
* Heavy bleeding
Preparing for an Abdominal Hysterectomy
Make the following preparations to ensure that you’re in the best condition for a hysterectomy:
* Organize things at home and at work to make sure that everything will run smoothly while you are away.
* You shouldn’t take any medicines for blood thinning about a week before your hysterectomy.
* Consult your doctor about the medicines that you should stop taking before your surgery. One of this is birth control medication, which can increase your risk of blood clots.
Post Surgery Precautions
The following are some dos and don’ts right after undergoing a hysterectomy:
* Do not use tampons when dealing with any vaginal bleeding that occurs after surgery. Better use sanitary napkins.
* If vaginal bleeding becomes prolonged and you get odorous secretions, be sure to inform your doctor to get proper advice and treatment.
* You won’t get addicted to pain killers as long as you follow your doctor’s prescription. Take them to deal with the pain caused by the surgery.